Wideband low frequency impedance tuner / 8,405,466

Tuesday, March 26, 2013

Compact electro-mechanical impedance tuners for frequencies as low as 1 MHz use the concept of a cylindrical transmission line with the signal conductor being a spiral wire wound around a metallic cylinder and separated from it by a layer of dielectric material. A conductive wheel is running over the spiral wire and, as the cylinder rotates, the transmission phase between one terminal of the spiral wire and the wheel changes. By connecting a rotating parallel plate variable capacitor to the wheel creates an impedance tuner, capable of generating high reflection factors at very low frequencies at any area of the Smith chart. By cascading two or more such tuners allows tuning at harmonic frequencies at the rate of one frequency per tuner section. The reduction in size comparing with traditional transmission line tuners is of the order of 150:1.